BackHipparchia tilosi (Manil, 1984)

Hipparchia tilosi (Manil, 1984)

La Palma Grayling

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Class: Insecta
  • Order: Coleoptera
  • Family: Nymphalidae
VU Vulnerable
IUCN Red List Status:

Countries of Occurrence:
Spain - Canaries


van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J.

Lewis, O. (Butterfly RLA) & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Red List Unit)


Facilitators / Compilers/s:

Assessment Rationale:

This species occurs in fewer than five locations, it's area of occupancy (AOO) is less than 20 km² and it is threatened by tourist activities and fires. Therefore it is classified as Vulnerable.

Geographic Range:

The La Palma Grayling occurs only on the Canary Island of La Palma, between 400-1,300 m elevation. This is a European endemic species.

Spain - Canaries
Extent of Occurrence (EOO):
Area of Occupancy (AOO):
Elevation Lower Limit:
400 (m)
Elevation Upper Limit:
1300 (m)
Biogeographic Realms:
Endemic Canaries


This is a very local and rare European endemic, restricted to (semi-) natural areas on La Palma, Canary Islands. It is not known how large the population is, but numbers might well be under 10,000 adults.

Habitat and Ecology

This Grayling is confined to one of the Canary Islands, La Palma. It can be found in rocky gullies surrounded by laurel or pine forest. It has one generation a year (Tolman & Lewington 2008). Detailed habitat descriptions are not available.

Major Threat(s):

This species is restricted to few locations on one island. It is threatened by tourist activities and fires.

Conservation Actions

As this species has a restricted global range and is very rare, its distribution and trend should be monitored closely, for example by a Butterfly Monitoring Scheme.